Nepal: A brief history and present scenario
The Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal is a tiny landlocked country is situated between its two giant neighbours- Tibet and India. It has spread in an area of 147181 sqkm. It has got diverse features, from Himalayan region to the mid hill region and the plain land, terai region. There is about three million population, 125 social groups and 123 spoken languages. This is why, it is called unity in diversity and diversity in unity.
Nepal has faced different types of ruling system from the history till now. The Rana reign is also known as the dark age in the history, which lasted for 104 years. Then the monarchy system ruled this country a little bit more than the previous reign. In 1995, Maoist started its movement with warfare activities against the government. In April 2006, Nepali people involved in a historical revolution and finally the monarchy swept away. Maoist, who was declared as a terrorist group came into a peace process. Then they launched interim constitution that established a presidential system with priminister in the working head of the government. Then there were two elections. In the first, Maoist got a huge support and votes and in the second it went to the third party.
In the Present context in Nepal, the government is not static. Several political parties can’t run the government more than 9 months. It applies especially in the case of communist parties. Nepal proclaimed a new constitution in 2015, which is still on the way to be practically applicable. Some people are demanding for the amendment. But a large number of people are against the amendment in the constitution.
One of the problems in the country is the problem of the division of different provinces. It is severe in the Madhesh. As it is connected with the India and have free borders, the demand to have a secular terai province has gone to debate. Many constitution experts and historians along with geological experts are denying this demand, but surprisingly, they are demanding. On the one hand, it is a border region and on the other, people are making it a safe zone to increase criminal activities.
Madesh is not only notorious, but it is the important economic hub of the country. Almost the factories lie there and things are transported via Madhesh. It should be systematic and various possibilities should be searched in terms of development. This is a policy of the government to decentralize the development plans. It makes villages stronger and they become economically and politically powerful.
Despite some social confusions and immature behaviours of the political parties, Nepal is having a significant turn in the economy. Tourism, hydro-power, modern agriculture and other sustainable development are taking place. After Kulman Ghising came in Nepal Electricity Authority, there has not been load shedding in the Kathmandu valley even in the midwinter. In the previous years, there were huge electricity cut. Many travel operators are happy with the increasing number of tourists. They are planning to take this campaign to all over the country.
If there is political stability and visionary planning in Nepal, it will reach to its zenith and development will be truly introduced. Hope this situation occurs very soon.