Safety and Security in Everest Base Camp Trek

Is it safe to trek to Everest Base Camp? How hard is it? How adventurous is it to trek to Everest base camp? These are quite common topics for the wanderers who dream to achieve the adventurous trek to Everest base camp. Safety and security during the Everest Base Camp Trek standstill as different people opine the trek in their own way. Here, we are trying to visualize you the exact scenario of the trek to EBC, especially in regard to safety and security.

Everest Base Camp Trekking begins at 2800 meters altitude, which is named Lukla. It is accessible after a short Himalayan flight from Kathmandu airport. The altitude already soars up than Kathmandu, which is located at 1300 meters altitude. As far as the trek continues, the alpine located valleys and towns welcome you, walking through the rugged trail through the Sagarmatha National Park. The trail initially is not a challenging one as it is wide and wonderful; walking in the alpine valleys can be a bit challenging.

Walking above the Namche Bazaar (3440 meters)

Namche Bazaar is an excellent town known as the Sherpa hub in the Khumbu region. On the EBC trekking trail, trekkers often spend an extra day in this town to acclimatize as the thin air region begins walking further. An acclimatization day in Namche not only allows you to explore the cultural diversities around the Khumjung valley but helps you to adapt to the altitude. It ultimately reduces the risk of getting caught from acute mountain sickness (AMS).

  • Namche Bazaar (3440 meters)
  • Tengboche (3870 meters)
  • Dingboche (4360 meters)
  • Lobuche (4950 meters)
  • Gorakshep (5170 meters)
  • Everest Base Camp (5364 meters)
  • Kalapatthar (5545 meters)

Walking further from Tengboche to Dingboche and Lobuche to Gorakshep, trekkers cross some of the steepest routes along with the glacial trail. On the other hand, the thin air region is pretty much tough to head further. So, walking with multiple stops, breathing well, drinking plenty of water, and drinking hot soups with meals can best way to do the trekking to Everest Base Camp.

What is Acute Mountain Sickness? Can it happen in Everest Base Camp Trek?

While trekking in the high altitude region, people feel a kind of disturbance in respiration due to the reduction in oxygen in the atmosphere. As you walk further in the high altitude, the human body tries to fit in the thin air region with a reduced amount of oxygen in the air. When our body fails to manage the adaptation, altitude mountain sickness happens. And it is not something good.

Altitude mountain sickness does not happen at once; rather you get some symptoms while ascending to the higher altitude.  Even altitude sickness is not a huge problem at once, but it should not be underestimated. Instead, it should be handled properly with acclimatization rest, having meals with ginger soup, and taking proper medications.

Generally, altitude mountain sickness is experienced from 2400 meters altitude above the sea level. But the risk increases above 3500 meters. The altitude of 5000 meters is a high-risk zone. In Everest base camp trekking, walking above Namche Bazaar is an excursion above 3400 meters, which gradually soars up 4000 meters, 4500 meters, 5000 meters, and ultimately to 5545 meters of Kalapatthar along with the Everest base camp at 5364 meters altitude.

Symptoms of Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS)

  • Headache
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Dizziness
  • Restless sleep
  • Shortness of breath
  • Swelling of the face and hands.


  • Trek high, sleep low (in available places)
  • Do not drink alcohol in the alpine region
  • Avoid sleeping pills
  • Drink ginger tea/coffee
  • Have ginger soup with meals in the mountain
  • Acclimatize well with at least a couple of stops in Everest Base Camp Trekking
  • Do not use narcotic medication

What about Diamox?

It is ok to use Diamox to prevent altitude sickness, but take proper advice from your doctor.

Travel Insurance for Safety

Travel insurance is a significant part of the trek to Everest base camp. As the trek escorts you over 5000 meters altitude, the risk of altitude sickness is high there. Even the trail is rugged and no roads with vehicles are there. If some bad health condition occurs or any kind of emergency, helicopter evacuation is required due to the fact that no facilitated hospitals are there in the altitude level. Having travel insurance gives you confidence without thinking much about the adversity in the trekking.

Pack Well

You need to pack well for the Everest base camp trekking for wonderful and safe trekking. Packing woolen kinds of stuff with air and waterproof clothes are essentials for the journey. Here are some of the lists of packing.

Long-sleeve t-shirt

Down jacket and sleeping bag (provided by the company but should return after the trip)

Waterproof jacket with hood and Rain poncho

Fleece pants and Hiking shorts

Warm thermal and hiking socks

Hiking boots and camp shoes

Light inner gloves


Sun blocking hat and woolen hat that covers ears

Gaiters for trekking in winter

Hiking poles

Headlamp with extra batteries

Water purifying tablets or liquids

First aid box

The guide of the Shiva excursion carries the first aid box along during the trekking. They are for primary treatment like blistering and diarrhea. However, you need to fix your required medicines if you have any.

About the safety of your belongings

In a group trekking, all kinds of stuff will be carried by the porters. They are professional and take good care of your things packed in a bag pack. However, to keep your highly important belongings safe, please, carry them with you like your passport, money purse, mobile phone, and other stuff.

So, want to enjoy the world’s most epic Everest base camp trekking ensuring safety and security? Contact Shiva Excursion today and reserve your trip with the most professional team of guides and porters who have spent more than a decade in the Himalayan trekking and their expertise in their field.